Courage to run : a story based on the life of Harriet Tubman Lawton, Wendy. Chicago : Moody Press, c Publisher: Chicago : Moody Press, c Physical: p. Google Books Preview. Are You Still There?
Courage to Run: A Story Based on the Life of Harriet Tubman
Lawton, Wendy. Daughters of the faith series. Slavery--United States--Fiction. Underground railroad--Fiction.
Courage to Run: A Story Based on the Life of Harriet Tubman
Christian fiction. Historical fiction.
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Courage to run :. Wendy Lawton. Follett Library Resources.
FICTION FOR THE MIDDLE SCHOOL YEARS
One more soul is safe! Tubman also carried a revolver , and was not afraid to use it. The gun afforded some protection from the ever-present slave catchers and their dogs; however, she also purportedly threatened to shoot any escaped slave who tried to turn back on the journey since that would threaten the safety of the remaining group.
She pointed the gun at his head and said, "You go on or die. Slaveholders in the region, meanwhile, never knew that "Minty", the petite, five-foot-tall, disabled slave who had run away years before and never come back, was behind so many slave escapes in their community. By the late s, they began to suspect a northern white abolitionist was secretly enticing their slaves away. No such reward has been found in period newspapers.
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Despite the best efforts of the slaveholders, Tubman was never captured, and neither were the fugitives she guided. In April , Tubman was introduced to the abolitionist John Brown , an insurgent who advocated the use of violence to destroy slavery in the United States. Although she never advocated violence against whites, she agreed with his course of direct action and supported his goals. She, meanwhile, claimed to have had a prophetic vision of meeting Brown before their encounter.
Thus, as he began recruiting supporters for an attack on slaveholders, Brown was joined by "General Tubman", as he called her. Although other abolitionists like Douglass did not endorse his tactics, Brown dreamed of fighting to create a new state for freed slaves, and made preparations for military action.
He believed that after he began the first battle, slaves would rise up and carry out a rebellion across the slave states. Tubman aided him in this effort and with more detailed plans for the assault. Tubman was busy during this time, giving talks to abolitionist audiences and tending to her relatives. In the autumn of , as Brown and his men prepared to launch the attack, Tubman could not be contacted.
Some historians believe she was in New York at the time, ill with fever related to her childhood head injury. The raid failed; Brown was convicted of treason and hanged in December. His actions were seen by abolitionists as a symbol of proud resistance, carried out by a noble martyr. She later told a friend: "[H]e done more in dying, than men would in living. In early , abolitionist Republican U. Senator William H. Catherine Clinton suggests that anger over the Dred Scott decision may have prompted Tubman to return to the U.
For years, she took in relatives and boarders, offering a safe place for black Americans seeking a better life in the north. Shortly after acquiring the Auburn property, Tubman went back to Maryland and returned with her "niece", an eight-year-old light-skinned black girl named Margaret. The girl left behind a twin brother and both parents in Maryland.
However, both Clinton and Larson present the possibility that Margaret was in fact Tubman's daughter. In November , Tubman conducted her last rescue mission. Throughout the s, Tubman had been unable to effect the escape of her sister Rachel, and Rachel's two children Ben and Angerine. She had no money, so the children remained enslaved. Their fates remain unknown. Never one to waste a trip, Tubman gathered another group, including the Ennalls family, ready and willing to take the risks of the journey north. It took them weeks to safely get away because of slave catchers forcing them to hide out longer than expected.
The weather was unseasonably cold and they had little food. The children were drugged with paregoric to keep them quiet while slave patrols rode by. When the Civil War broke out in , Tubman saw a Union victory as a key step toward the abolition of slavery. She became a fixture in the camps, particularly in Port Royal, South Carolina , assisting fugitives. Tubman met with General David Hunter , a strong supporter of abolition. He declared all of the "contrabands" in the Port Royal district free, and began gathering former slaves for a regiment of black soldiers.
President Abraham Lincoln , however, was not prepared to enforce emancipation on the southern states, and reprimanded Hunter for his actions. Master Lincoln, he's a great man, and I am a poor negro; but the negro can tell master Lincoln how to save the money and the young men. He can do it by setting the negro free. Suppose that was an awful big snake down there, on the floor. He bite you. Folks all scared, because you die.
You send for a doctor to cut the bite; but the snake, he rolled up there, and while the doctor doing it, he bite you again. The doctor dug out that bite; but while the doctor doing it, the snake, he spring up and bite you again; so he keep doing it, till you kill him. That's what master Lincoln ought to know. Tubman served as a nurse in Port Royal, preparing remedies from local plants and aiding soldiers suffering from dysentery. She rendered assistance to men with smallpox ; that she did not contract the disease herself started more rumors that she was blessed by God.
To ease the tension, she gave up her right to these supplies and made money selling pies and root beer, which she made in the evenings.
When Lincoln finally issued the Emancipation Proclamation in January , Tubman considered it an important step toward the goal of liberating all black people from slavery. She later worked alongside Colonel James Montgomery , and provided him with key intelligence that aided the capture of Jacksonville, Florida.
Later that year, Tubman became the first woman to lead an armed assault during the Civil War. On the morning of June 2, , Tubman guided three steamboats around Confederate mines in the waters leading to the shore. Tubman watched as slaves stampeded toward the boats.
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Although their owners, armed with handguns and whips, tried to stop the mass escape, their efforts were nearly useless in the tumult. More than slaves were rescued in the Combahee River Raid. For two more years, Tubman worked for the Union forces, tending to newly liberated slaves, scouting into Confederate territory, and nursing wounded soldiers in Virginia. During a train ride to New York, the conductor told her to move into the smoking car.
She refused, explaining her government service. He cursed at her and grabbed her, but she resisted and he summoned two other passengers for help. While she clutched at the railing, they muscled her away, breaking her arm in the process. They threw her into the smoking car, causing more injuries. As these events transpired, other white passengers cursed Tubman and shouted for the conductor to kick her off the train. Despite her years of service, Tubman never received a regular salary and was for years denied compensation.
Tubman spent her remaining years in Auburn, tending to her family and other people in need. She worked various jobs to support her elderly parents, and took in boarders to help pay the bills. Though he was 22 years younger than she was, on March 18, they were married at the Central Presbyterian Church. Tubman's friends and supporters from the days of abolition, meanwhile, raised funds to support her. In Bradford released another volume, also intended to help alleviate Tubman's poverty, called Harriet, the Moses of her People. Facing accumulated debts including payments for her property in Auburn , Tubman fell prey in to a swindle involving gold transfer.
Two men, one named Stevenson and the other John Thomas, claimed to have in their possession a cache of gold smuggled out of South Carolina. They insisted that they knew a relative of Tubman's, and she took them into her home, where they stayed for several days. Thus the situation seemed plausible, and a combination of her financial woes and her good nature led her to go along with the plan. Once the men had lured her into the woods, however, they attacked her and knocked her out with chloroform , then stole her purse and bound and gagged her.
When she was found by her family, she was dazed and injured, and the money was gone. In , Representatives Clinton D.